Definition of fishing structrue
The Definition of structure
The word structure should not scare or awe you in any way. Despite all the fancy scientific terminology that has been married into it in recent years, its meaning is still simplistic. Structure is anything on the lake bottom that constitutes the majority of the bottom of most average lakes. It can be noted here that some forms of structure are situated on land; for instance, overhanging tree branches that provide shelter form the sunlight.
Buck Perry, a Southern fisherman, invented the term structure and itÂ’s meaning relative to fishing, but in truth that meaning has been with man as long as he has been fishing. As long as man fished over bottom that provided fish physical things he could relate to in his movements, then man caught fish! It really is that simple!
Try and think of the lake bottom as dry land-and, aside from manmade lakes, all lakes were once dry wild land. And they contained all the physical characteristics of any valley you would pass by along the highway...trees, brush, deep holes, gullies, piles of rock, sand, and gravel, weeds, etc. The next time you pass by a small or large valley, stop your car, get out, and survey ALL that you see in this valley. Then, using your imagination, try and visualize this valley completely submerged in water!
If you can do that, then you will begin to get an accurate picture of what your favorite lake, or ANY lake, looks like under water.
Is structure beginning to make sense to YOU? It really isn't difficult to understand, it?
Now let's take a look at the various kinds of structure you will have to look for in the lake you are going to fish:
Especially productive during the bright, warm months of the summer. Bass, Northern Pike, and Musky (among others), like to lie inside the weeds to shield their eyes from the harsh sunlight, and to hide from smaller food fish that pass by, then dart out for an easy meal!
This is the edge of the weed bed, and fishermen will find all species of fish alongside these weeds, at the weed line when they're in to feed.
An area of the bottom that is shallowest at its peak and drops off into deeper water all around it. This type of structure is particularly productive when there are weeds or rock and gravel lying alongside or on top of the submerged island. Fish find this appealing, especially bass, and walleye.
ROCK, GRAVEL, SAND BAR:
This is hard bottom surrounded by soft bottom. It can be a very small rise in the bottom, no bigger
than a foot or two, or a very large one. Length, width and height will vary. The soft area will usually consist of mud or silt.
Look for shallow bays with fairly heavy weed beds along the shoreline. This is excellent for large mouth bass, northern pike, and panfish of all varieties.
REEDS AND RUSHES:
Most lakes will feature a patch or two of reeds and rushes-these are effective structure for taking all types of smallmouth and largemouth bass.
Usually found in manmade reservoirs. Look for fish in various depth levels both inside and adjacent to the timber.
One of the best structures of all. A drop-off is just what it implies.... a sudden and radical drop in depth levels.
HARD, FLAT AREA (ROCKS):
Small or large rocky flats on the lake bottom that seem to produce well in the spring for bass(SM) and walleye.
RIVER AND STREAM OUTLETS:
It is not the entrance to the outlet itself that is so productive, but rather the area adjacent to it on both sides.
Fish along the edge of a cliff for best results. The spring of the year is the best time to fish this type of structure - for all species of game fish.
Concentrate your fishing efforts in the areas adjacent to the deep hole, like drop-offs.
POINT OF LAND:
An underwater point of land, like an under water peninsula, jutting out and into the water; the point itself submerged. Look for fish at various depths along both sides of the point.
DOCKS AND BOATHOUSES:
Fishermen love to fish docks/piers and boathouses. They can be meaningful and productive structures; especially early morning and early evening hours. Big bass and Northern Pike have been caught around piers.
Exceptional structure for largemouth bass. Fish inside and alongside the lily pads.
These aren't the only structures you will encounter on a lake, but they do constitute the variety of structures you will have to be concerned with the BEST fish-producing structures! But don't be afraid to try structure that isn't listed here. If it's different in physical characteristic from flat bottom, then it's worth checking out.
The KEY to making the Structure Elimination System work for you is an understanding and grasping of what the various structures are -so that you can find them and identify them once you are on the water. There are no shortcuts to success, you MUST know structure if you are to get the job done!
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